Internet of Things (IoT) and Industrial IoT
Smart connectivity solutions:
● Zigbee – a self healing mesh network that combines low power capabilities coupled with a rich library of application to enable an end-to-end, low cost connected capabilities
● WiFi – 1997 saw the IEEE802.11x standard creating wireless connections. As communication, computation and storage is shared between the edge of the network and the cloud, WiFi lays the fabric to seamlessly connect.
● 6LoWPAN – enables IPv6 over Low Power Wireless Personal Networks. IP addressing of all “Things” on the internet is enabled via the increased addressed space over low power networks.
● LoRa – M2M and IoT over Long Range radio based on chirp spread spectrum. A choice in most applications and use cases.
● Thread – an IPv6 based mesh networking protocol bringing interoperability to connected devices in smart homes, industrial applications and smart cities.
● Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) – A multiple channel, low power smart protocol for connected devices. Bluetooth has been there for some time and its evolution from version 1 to version 5 gives it enough mileage as a solid technology for IoT solutions
● mmWave Radio – mmWave sensors use radio frequency (RF – 60-GHz) sensing rather than light or sound, which offers unique advantages because the sensors can detect people and objects through a variety of materials such as glass, smoke, rain and low-light conditions and drywalls.
● Sub GHz Radio – the offering boasts longer range and lower power consumption than the more well-known WiFi and Bluetooth protocols. Sub- GHz operates on the 868 MHz or the 915 MHz bands, depending on geolocations. A barrage of low-cost single-chip solutions for sub-GHz networking are widely available making it an ultimate destination for most IoT applications.
● IEEE802.15.4 – The backbone of Low-rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPAN) that specifies the physical layer and media access controller. It forms the core of a myriad of IoT protocols.
● RPL – IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks